• Humans’ Endogenous Retroviruses Influence Our Brain Development
  • Stress has long been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. New research suggests that a potential explanation for this correlation is due to increased activity of the amygdala, which may upregulate bone marrow activity and arterial inflammation. (Photo Credits: Flickr Creative Commons, bottled_void)
  • Physicists Cool Microscopic Drum to Near Absolute Zero
  • Professor Thomas Gilovich and the Psychology of Gratitude
  • Novel 3-D Printing Ink Shows Promise for Bone Regeneration
  • New research explains how aquatic birds dive safely at high speeds to hunt prey
  • Exploring Neural Mechanisms Underlying Visual Object Recognition
Humans’ Endogenous Retroviruses Influence Our Brain Development

Humans’ Endogenous Retroviruses Influence Our Brain Development

A recent article in ScienceDaily based on a publication in the journal Cell Reports describes a hot topic in neurobiology: the contribution of endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) towards human brain development (1,2). Perhaps the most famous retrovirus is HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, shown in Figure 1. Unlike HIV, however, ERVs are […]

Stress has long been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. New research suggests that a potential explanation for this correlation is due to increased activity of the amygdala, which may upregulate bone marrow activity and arterial inflammation. (Photo Credits: Flickr Creative Commons, bottled_void)

When stress becomes deadly

Whether it’s from upcoming exams, unpaid bills, or simply a long day at work, stress is an inevitable part of life. However, poor stress management can lead to severe health impairments, with several studies showing that chronic stress is particularly correlated with higher risk of heart disease, although scientists have […]

Physicists Cool Microscopic Drum to Near Absolute Zero

Physicists Cool Microscopic Drum to Near Absolute Zero

According to a paper recently published in Nature, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have cooled a vibrating drum to an unprecedented one-fifth of a quantum of energy, approaching the previously perceived limit of absolute zero (1). Scientists use temperature to measure the thermal motion of […]

Professor Thomas Gilovich and the Psychology of Gratitude

Professor Thomas Gilovich and the Psychology of Gratitude

Thomas Gilovich, a professor of psychology at Cornell University, discussed his research in the psychological processes involved with gratitude and suggested potential ways to combat ingratitude while increasing happiness. Gratitude is associated with several benefits including greater sense of meaning in life, improved sleep, fewer doctor visits, and even feeling […]

Novel 3-D Printing Ink Shows Promise for Bone Regeneration

Novel 3-D Printing Ink Shows Promise for Bone Regeneration

Engineers at Northwestern University have recently produced a synthetic bone material, specifically aimed to treat pediatric patients with bone defects using an innovative 3-D printing system. Many complications arise during bone implantation surgery, especially for children. Bone used for surgery is typically extracted from other parts of the body in […]

New research explains how aquatic birds dive safely at high speeds to hunt prey

New research explains how aquatic birds dive safely at high speeds to hunt prey

A research team at Virginia Tech has developed a mechanism to explain how seabirds safely plunge into the ocean when looking for food despite their slim necks (1). In order to surprise their targets, many species of seabirds dive into the ocean at speeds faster than 60 miles per hour. […]

Exploring Neural Mechanisms Underlying Visual Object Recognition

Exploring Neural Mechanisms Underlying Visual Object Recognition

James DiCarlo, Department Head and Professor of Neuroscience and Investigator at MIT, discussed his research on the neural mechanisms underlying humans’ seemingly effortless ability to solve complex problems of object recognition. Humans rapidly and accurately analyze visual environments, extracting latent content—such as category information, position, and size—from a pattern of […]

 

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Sewage Can Soon Be Converted into Bio-based Fuel

Sewage Can Soon Be Converted into Bio-based Fuel

Recent research findings at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has shown that wastewater treatment plants may have the potential to produce biocrude oil, which is a petroleum-substitute synthetic fuel, from ordinary sewage (1). The technological process being considered is called hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) (2). In HTL, […]

 
 

Humans’ Endogenous Retroviruses Influence Our Brain Development

Humans’ Endogenous Retroviruses Influence Our Brain Development

A recent article in ScienceDaily based on a publication in the journal Cell Reports describes a hot topic in neurobiology: the contribution of endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) towards human brain development (1,2). Perhaps the most famous retrovirus is HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, shown in Figure 1. Unlike HIV, however, ERVs are […]

 
 

When stress becomes deadly

Stress has long been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. New research suggests that a potential explanation for this correlation is due to increased activity of the amygdala, which may upregulate bone marrow activity and arterial inflammation. (Photo Credits: Flickr Creative Commons, bottled_void)

Whether it’s from upcoming exams, unpaid bills, or simply a long day at work, stress is an inevitable part of life. However, poor stress management can lead to severe health impairments, with several studies showing that chronic stress is particularly correlated with higher risk of heart disease, although scientists have […]

 
 

Physicists Cool Microscopic Drum to Near Absolute Zero

Physicists Cool Microscopic Drum to Near Absolute Zero

According to a paper recently published in Nature, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have cooled a vibrating drum to an unprecedented one-fifth of a quantum of energy, approaching the previously perceived limit of absolute zero (1). Scientists use temperature to measure the thermal motion of […]

 
 

Professor Thomas Gilovich and the Psychology of Gratitude

Professor Thomas Gilovich and the Psychology of Gratitude

Thomas Gilovich, a professor of psychology at Cornell University, discussed his research in the psychological processes involved with gratitude and suggested potential ways to combat ingratitude while increasing happiness. Gratitude is associated with several benefits including greater sense of meaning in life, improved sleep, fewer doctor visits, and even feeling […]

 
 
 
 

Mission Statement

Founded in 1998, the Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science aims to increase scientific awareness within the Dartmouth community by providing an interdisciplinary forum for sharing undergraduate research and enriching scientific knowledge.

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